Liverpool, which is located in the North West if England where river Mersey meets the Irish Sea sea and is today one of the most famous cities in the United Kingdom, traces its history from 1st-century A.D when first settlements appeared along the banks of river Mersey. Today, it has grown to become a modern city with diverse facilities, mixed cultures, and services. It boasts of famous football clubs, beautiful architecture, attractive culture, and exclusive skyline.
The place has taken different names in history, for instance it was called ‘Liuerpul’ (a pool or creek with muddy water) in the 19th Century. Another name of origin is ‘elverpool’, which refers to the eels in the Mersey.
The settlements along the river grew into a fishing village by 1200.
Today, it is much a 21st Century city with modern buildings and architecture, and attracting tourists from all walks of life. A new borough was established at the place by King John. He wrote a letter to announce the establishment and invite settlers to take up holdings in the place. Some think the intention of the King was to establish a port that was free from control of the earl of Chester.
Liverpool initially became a point for dispatching soldiers to the Ireland. Liverpool Castle was then built but later removed in 1726. The town remained of less importance for four centuries. The town’s population was only 500 in the middle of 16th century and it was considered subordinate to Chester until 1650s. However, an eighteen-day siege in 1644 is among the battles fought for the city during the English Civil War. It was sieged by Prince Rupert.
In 1699, an Act of Parliament separated Liverpool as a parish from the parish of Walton-on-the-Hill. It had two churches. From there, the town grew to becoming the second metropolis of Great Britain. Particularly, addition of West Indies trade to Ireland and Europe trade made the town grow further.
The city continued to grow even after British Civil War, although it was dearly affected by World War II. Today, it is more of a 21st Century city with beautiful architecture and modern buildings, and attracting tourists from all walks of life.
Liverpool has a waterfront from where you can witness 19th-century historic dockyards and two towering cathedrals. The first wet dock was constructed in the town in 1715. More growth occurred due to slave trade, from where the black community can be traced, on five years, the population of this community grew by 10,000, considered as rapid those days. Liverpool has had its share of success in the global map: 40% of the world’s trade passed through the Liverpool docks by the start of the 19th century.
The construction of the “Albert Dock” in 1846 was the start of success into modern Liverpool city. The Albert Dock is home to a lot of activity and has restaurants, museums, and bars. Apart from this amazing architectural triumph, other wet and dry docks were also built. Precious cargoes from all over the world begun to come into the town.
CSS Alabama, which was the last confederate ship was built at Mersey while the CSS Shenandoah surrendered at the town. Liverpool gained city status in 1880 and was expanded further through construction of such buildings as the Liverpool’s Town Hall, restored Museum, and Walker Art Gallery.
The city also hosts the largest floating quay in Liverpool, the Pier Head. Three Graces, namely the 295ft tall Royal Liver Building, the Cunard Building, and the Port of Liverpool Building, built to signify Liverpool’s international prestige and today define a globally recognizable skylines.
Another famous dock is the Seaforth Dock built after air-raids of the World War II. It is the largest dock project in Britain. The country suffered from loss of employees from 1950s. The population dropped to 460,000 in 1985, which affected dock and manufacturing activity.
If you love the Beatles, one place not to miss is the Albert Dock where you will learn a lot about this band. The lots of memorabilia will remind you of their history in music and bring their audio to life. These include George Harrison’s first guitar and a pair of John Lennon’s spectacles.
For more memories about the Bettles, you can take a Magical Mystery Tour. This 2-hour bus will take you to all places associated with the Beatles. It will also take you to scenes that inspired songs by the likes of Penny Lane to Strawberry Fields. Do not also miss more music at the recreated Cavern Club and other places in the city.
Liverpool is bustling with sports, boasting of a famous club that is one of the most successful in the UK Liverpool FC. It was formed in 1892 and has won more European titles than any other team in the Premier League today, in addition to 7 FA Cup. They play at Anfield as their home ground.
It is also home to Everton FC, whose home ground is Goodison Park opened officially on 24 August 1892.
The Tate Liverpool is a modern art museum that represents the city’s famous museums and galleries, from where you can enjoy a host of activities. Among the works exhibited here include work by Pablo Picasso, Jackson Pollock, and Barbara Hepworth.
You can also find cinema, great restaurants and a host of shops at the Liverpool One, the city’s top one-stop shopping centre.
There are also a number of attractions in the city that will show you that Liverpool is green and wild-friendly. For instance, if you visit places such as The Parade in Parkgate, you can witness an estuary that a large variety of birds, experience a waterfall, and water gardens.
The Speke Hall, a historic and rare Tudor timber-framed manor house situated on the banks of river Mersey, is where you can take a walk from modern life. It has undergone hundred of years of history. You can also taste rides and sample modern day life pleasures from a variety of recreational parks in the city.
Liverpool is a remarkable city and will continue to be. Its long and rich history has shown how far it has come in various aspects, However, the people of Liverpool are its most prized treasure.